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False advertising

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False advertising[1] refers to the use of misleading, deceptive, or falsely claimed statements in advertisements. It encompasses a wide range of deceptive techniques, such as photo manipulation, hidden fees, and the use of fillers or oversized packaging to give an impression of more value. Misleading practices, like inconsistent comparisons, misleading illustrations, and the use of false coloring or angel dusting, are also common. False advertising is regulated by various laws across the world, such as the Lanham Act in the U.S., and has significant legal implications. It has a substantial impact on consumers, influencing their purchasing decisions and potentially leading to financial or health risks. Prevention methods and global perspectives on false advertising vary, but efforts are being made globally to harmonize regulations and protect consumers.

Terms definitions
1. advertising. Advertising is a form of communication used to inform or persuade an audience, often with the goal of selling a product or service. Its history dates back to ancient civilizations, where Egyptians used papyrus for sales messages, and wall paintings were used in ancient Asia, Africa, and South America for promotional purposes. The medium evolved over time, from print in newspapers to audio-visual and digital mediums, with the rise of mass media and technological advancements. Advertising strategies can vary, aiming to raise awareness or drive sales, and can target different audiences on a local, national, or global scale. Various methods include print, radio, web banners, and television ads, among others. New trends have emerged in the advertising business models, like guerrilla marketing and interactive ads. The role of women in advertising has also been notable, with their insights being valued due to their purchasing power.
False advertising (Wikipedia)

False advertising is the act of publishing, transmitting, or otherwise publicly circulating an advertisement containing a false claim, or statement, made intentionally (or recklessly) to promote the sale of property, goods, or services. A false advertisement can be classified as deceptive if the advertiser deliberately misleads the consumer, rather than making an unintentional mistake. A number of governments use regulations to limit false advertising.

See caption
An 1889 newspaper advertisement for "perfectly harmless" arsenic complexion wafers claims that "a few days' use will permanently remove all" of a wide variety of skin imperfections. Arsenic was known during the Victorian era to be poisonous.
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