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GeoCities was a popular web hosting platform founded in California in 1995. Originally known as BHI, it initially comprised six themed neighborhoods and offered users, referred to as ‘Homesteaders’, 2MB of free space for their home pages. GeoCities expanded to include a variety of ‘neighborhoods’ like CapitolHill and Tokyo, and by the end of 1995, it boasted 14 neighborhoods and millions of monthly page views. Notably, in 1999, Yahoo![3] acquired GeoCities for $3.57 billion in stock, marking a significant milestone in its history. However, due to changes in terms of service and other factors, GeoCities was shut down in the U.S. in October 2009. Despite its closure, GeoCities left a significant mark as it pioneered user-generated content[1] platforms, was the third-most visited site at its peak, and had at least 38 million pages before termination. Today, it is remembered for its significant role in the early days of the web and the impact it had on internet[2] culture.

Terms definitions
1. User-generated content ( user-generated content ) User-generated content, often shortened to UGC, refers to any form of content such as photos, videos, text, testimonials, and audio that are posted by users on various platforms, including social media and wikis. It's a broad term that encompasses a range of uses, from problem-solving and news reporting to entertainment and advertising. Notably, major news outlets like BBC and CNN, as well as businesses of all sizes use UGC for their respective purposes. The key characteristics of UGC are user contribution, creativity, and online accessibility. While it's a powerful tool, it also raises challenges such as defining the minimum creative effort and managing potential negative outcomes. UGC plays a crucial role in media pluralism, challenging traditional media hierarchies and diversifying content sources.
2. internet. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use standardized communication protocols, primarily the TCP/IP, to link devices worldwide. Originating from the term 'internetted' used in 1849, the term 'Internet' was later used by the US War Department in 1945. Its development began with computer scientists creating time-sharing systems in the 1960s and further progressed with the establishment of ARPANET in 1969. The Internet is self-governed, without a central authority, and its principal name spaces are administered by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). It has significantly transformed traditional communication media and has grown exponentially over the years, with internet users increasing 20% to 50% annually. In 2019, over half of the world population used the Internet. The Internet protocol suite, which includes TCP/IP and four conceptual layers, guides internet packets to their destinations. Essential services like email and Internet telephony operate on the Internet. The World Wide Web, a global collection of interconnected documents, is a key component of the Internet.
GeoCities (Wikipedia)

GeoCities, later Yahoo! GeoCities, was a web hosting service that allowed users to create and publish websites for free and to browse user-created websites by their theme or interest, active from 1994 to 2009. GeoCities was started in November 1994 by David Bohnett and John Rezner, and was named Beverly Hills Internet briefly before being renamed GeoCities. On January 28, 1999, it was acquired by Yahoo!, at which time it was reportedly the third-most visited website on the World Wide Web.

Logo under Yahoo! from 2009 to 2019
Type of site
Web hosting service
  • GeoCities (1994–1999)
  • Yahoo! (1999–2009)
Created byDavid Bohnett and John Rezner
LaunchedNovember 1994; 29 years ago (1994-11)
Current statusInactive since 2009
(Japanese version inactive since 2019)

In its original form, site users selected a "city" in which to list the hyperlinks to their Web pages. The "cities" were named after real cities or regions according to their content: For example, computer-related sites were placed in "SiliconValley" and those dealing with entertainment were assigned to "Hollywood", hence the name of the site. Soon after its acquisition by Yahoo!, this practice was abandoned in favor of using the Yahoo! member names in the URLs.

In April 2009, the company announced that it would end the United States GeoCities service on October 26, 2009.

There were at least 38 million pages displayed by GeoCities before it was terminated, most user-written. The GeoCities Japan version of the service endured until March 31, 2019.

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