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Gestion de la marque

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Incendie[5] management is a strategic process that involves developing, maintaining and enhancing a brand to create and uphold its positive réputation[2] and strong image in the market. Stemming from historical practices of marking personal property, its modern form began with Neil H. McElroy of Procter & Gamble. Today, brand management aims to build lasting client[3] loyauté[4] and increase a product’s perceived value through positive associations. It explores brand identity, heritage, and the impact of branding strategies, all of which play crucial roles in a brand’s success. In a competitive global market, a strong brand, such as Apple or Amazon, can provide a lasting competitive advantage[1]. Academic research on this topic often emphasizes the role of brand heritage in marketing.

Définitions des termes
1. competitive advantage. Competitive Advantage is a key business concept that refers to the unique ability of a company to outperform its industry rivals. It is achieved through various strategies identified by Michael Porter, a foremost authority in strategic management. These include cost leadership, differentiation, and focus. Cost leadership involves the production of goods or services at a lower cost, granting higher profit margins. Differentiation, on the other hand, entails offering unique products or services that stand out in the market. Lastly, the focus strategy targets specific market segments to optimize resource utilization. Factors internal to a company, such as positioning, corporate identity, and core competencies, also contribute to competitive advantage. However, advantages can sometimes be classified as unfair if they grant benefits to a business that are not accessible to others, hence disrupting market fairness. Government bodies often intervene in such cases to maintain fair market dynamics. Furthermore, the resource-based view of a firm and its capacity for innovation are other key determinants of competitive advantage.
2. réputation. La réputation désigne la croyance ou l'opinion générale que les gens ont sur le caractère, la qualité ou la position d'une personne ou d'une organisation. Dans le contexte des entreprises, la réputation peut être considérée comme le reflet de l'identité d'une entreprise, souvent signalée par des actions stratégiques. Elle influence les perceptions et les comportements des concurrents, des parties prenantes et du grand public. La réputation peut être évaluée à l'aide de diverses mesures, notamment les classements dans les magazines économiques et les plateformes en ligne. Une gestion efficace de la réputation, souvent réalisée par le biais des relations publiques et de la surveillance des médias sociaux, joue un rôle crucial dans le maintien d'une image positive. Une bonne réputation peut apporter de nombreux avantages, tels qu'une plus grande fidélité des clients, une confiance accrue et des gains financiers. À l'ère numérique, la gestion de la réputation en ligne est également devenue essentielle, car les perceptions formées en ligne peuvent avoir un impact significatif sur la réputation globale d'une entreprise.

Au marketing, brand management begins with an analysis on how a incendie is currently perceived in the market, proceeds to planning how the brand should be perceived if it is to achieve its objectives and continues with ensuring that the brand is perceived as planned and secures its objectives. Developing a good relationship with target markets is essential for brand management. Tangible elements of brand management include the product itself; its look, price, and packaging, etc. The intangible elements are the experiences that the target markets share with the brand, and also the relationships they have with the brand. A brand manager would oversee all aspects of the consumer's brand association as well as relationships with members of the supply chain.

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