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Fossé numérique

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Les digital divide[1] refers to the gap between individuals, households, businesses, and geographic areas at different socio-economic levels with regard to their opportunities to access information and communication technologies. It is the disparity in the access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies. The digital divide stems from various factors, including income, education, race, gender, location, age, skills, awareness, and attitudes. It is not just about the physical connection to the Internet[2] but also about the quality of that connection, digital literacy, and the ability to use information. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the digital divide became more noticeable as reliance on digital technologies increased significantly. The digital divide can exacerbate educational, health, and social disparities among different socio-economic and demographic groups.

Définitions des termes
1. digital divide.
1 The digital divide refers to the gap between individuals, households, businesses, and geographic areas at different socio-economic levels with regard to their opportunities to access information and communication technologies. It is the disparity in the access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies. The digital divide stems from various factors, including income, education, race, gender, location, age, skills, awareness, and attitudes. It is not just about the physical connection to the internet but also about the quality of that connection, digital literacy, and the ability to use information. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the digital divide became more noticeable as reliance on digital technologies increased significantly. The digital divide can exacerbate educational, health, and social disparities among different socio-economic and demographic groups.
2 The digital divide refers to the gap between individuals, households, businesses, and geographic areas at different socio-economic levels with regard to their opportunities to access information and communication technologies. It is the disparity in the access to, use of, or impact of information and communication technologies. The digital divide stems from various factors, including income, education, race, gender, location, age, skills, awareness, and attitudes. It is not just about the physical connection to the internet but also about the quality of that connection, digital literacy, and the ability to use information. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the digital divide became more noticeable as reliance on digital technologies increased significantly. The digital divide can exacerbate educational, health, and social disparities among different socio-economic and demographic groups.
2. Internet. L'internet est un système mondial de réseaux informatiques interconnectés qui utilisent des protocoles de communication normalisés, principalement le TCP/IP, pour relier des appareils dans le monde entier. Issu du terme "internetted" utilisé en 1849, le terme "Internet" a ensuite été utilisé par le ministère américain de la guerre en 1945. Son développement a commencé avec des informaticiens qui ont créé des systèmes de partage de temps dans les années 1960 et a progressé avec la création d'ARPANET en 1969. L'internet est autogéré, sans autorité centrale, et ses principaux espaces de noms sont administrés par l'Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Il a considérablement transformé les moyens de communication traditionnels et s'est développé de manière exponentielle au fil des ans, le nombre d'internautes augmentant de 20% à 50% par an. En 2019, plus de la moitié de la population mondiale utilisait l'internet. La suite de protocoles internet, qui comprend le protocole TCP/IP et quatre couches conceptuelles, guide les paquets internet jusqu'à leur destination. Des services essentiels comme le courrier électronique et la téléphonie par internet fonctionnent sur l'internet. Le World Wide Web, une collection mondiale de documents interconnectés, est un élément clé de l'internet.
Fossé numérique (Wikipedia)

Les digital divide is the unequal access to digital technology, including smartphones, tablets, laptops, and the internet. The digital divide creates a division and inequality around access to information and resources. In the Information Age in which information and communication technologies (ICTs) have eclipsed manufacturing technologies as the basis for world economies and social connectivity, people without access to the Internet and other ICTs are at a socio-economic disadvantage, for they are unable or less able to find and apply for jobs, shop and learn.

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