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Histoire de Facebook

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Facebook[3], a globally recognized médias sociaux[2] platform, was originally launched as TheFacebook in 2004. Initially available to only Harvard students, it quickly gained popularity, reaching over half the undergraduate population within a month. The platform then expanded to high schools and other universities internationally. As of April 2023, it boasts an impressive user base of 2.989 billion monthly active users[1]. Facebook’s financial journey has been bolstered by significant investments from entities such as Peter Thiel, Accel Partners, and Microsoft[4]. The company has faced several legal challenges, including patent[6] infringement lawsuits and allegations of improper information sharing. Despite these challenges, Facebook has grown through numerous acquisitions and product launches, including Instagram[5] and Facebook Messenger. The platform has also engaged in multiple social impact initiatives and faced controversies related to user policies and competition.

Définitions des termes
1. active users. "Active Users" is a term that refers to individuals who engage with an online platform or application during a specific time period. This term is pivotal in various sectors including business, academia, and research. In business, metrics related to active users aid in predicting growth trends, customer engagement, and potential revenue streams. In academia and research, studying active user behavior contributes to the understanding of online behavioral patterns. Ethical considerations around active users shed light on the importance of informed consent, data privacy, and confidentiality in the online realm. There are also technical challenges in defining and accurately measuring active users due to varying practices across different companies. Additionally, active user data plays a crucial role in predictive analytics and policy considerations regarding technology use and online safety.
2. médias sociaux. Les médias sociaux sont un terme général qui englobe une variété d'outils et de plateformes numériques qui facilitent le partage d'informations et la création de communautés virtuelles. Issus des premiers systèmes comme PLATO et ARPANET, ils ont évolué vers des plateformes modernes comme Facebook et Twitter. Ces plateformes offrent des caractéristiques uniques qui les différencient des médias traditionnels, notamment la possibilité pour les utilisateurs de générer du contenu et de s'engager dans une communication dialogique. Elles accueillent plus de 100 millions d'utilisateurs dans le monde et offrent différentes formes de services, telles que des applications de messagerie et des plateformes de création de contenu collaboratif. L'utilisation des médias sociaux a des répercussions considérables sur les individus, la société et les entreprises, influençant tout, des pratiques de marketing aux processus politiques. Cependant, elle est également associée à des préoccupations éthiques, telles que la diffusion de fausses informations et la dépendance potentielle.

Facebook est un social networking service originally launched as TheFacebook on February 4, 2004, before changing its name to simply Facebook in August 2005. It was founded by Mark Zuckerberg and his college roommates and fellow Harvard University students, in particular Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitzet Chris Hughes. The website's membership was initially limited by the founders to Harvard students, but was expanded to other colleges in the Boston area, the Ivy League, and gradually most universities in the United States and Canada, corporations, and by September 2006, to everyone with a valid adresse électronique along with an age requirement of being 13 or older.

Mark Zuckerberg in 2005
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