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Internet[4].org is a global initiative launched on August 20, 2013, by Métaplateformes[1], in collaboration with six other companies. This partnership aimed to improve internet access worldwide, with a particular focus on underserved regions. A range of projects, including education and innovation partnerships, were introduced, and a platform for developers was unveiled in May 2015. However, has faced significant criticism and legal battles over allegations of net neutrality[2] violations and discrimination against non-partner companies. Despite this, by April 2018, the initiative boasted 100 million users and had launched in several countries, including Tanzania, Kenya, Colombia, Ghana, and Malawi. The use of technologie[3] like drones and satellites has been integral to the project’s global internet access initiatives.

Définitions des termes
1. Métaplateformes ( Meta Platforms ) Meta Platforms, Inc. is a leading technology conglomerate based in Menlo Park, California. It owns and operates a suite of popular digital platforms including Facebook, Instagram, Threads, and WhatsApp. As one of the top American information technology companies, Meta's portfolio extends beyond social media, with acquisitions in virtual reality (Oculus), mapping (Mapillary), brain-computer interface technology (CTRL-Labs), and a strategic investment in Jio Platforms. The company heavily relies on advertising for revenue. It went public in 2012, raising $16 billion in one of the largest IPOs in US history. In recent years, Meta has shifted its focus towards building a metaverse, an integrated virtual environment, which led to its rebranding from Facebook in 2021. Despite facing challenges including data breaches, leadership changes, and changes in privacy regulations, the company continues to innovate in areas like artificial intelligence and new app development.
2. net neutrality. Net neutrality is a guiding principle that preserves the open and unrestricted nature of the internet. It ensures that all internet traffic is treated equally, without any discrimination or preference given to any particular content, website, or application. Net neutrality regulations prevent Internet Service Providers (ISPs) from favoring one type of content over another, enabling equal access for everyone. This principle promotes freedom, competition, and innovation by preventing ISPs from manipulating speed or access conditions. It's also a hot topic in policy debates, with differing regulations and enforcement across regions and countries. Recent developments include the repeal of net neutrality rules in the US in 2017, and strong regulations approved by the Indian Government in 2018. The impact of net neutrality on users, competition, and innovation is significant, shaping the internet as we know it. (Wikipedia) is a partnership between social networking services company Métaplateformes and six companies (Samsung, Ericsson, MediaTek, Opera Software, Nokia et Qualcomm) that plans to bring affordable access to selected Internet services to less developed countries by increasing efficiency, and facilitating the development of new business models around the provision of Internet access. The application delivering these services was renamed Free Basics in September 2015. As of April 2018, 100 million people were using
Mission statement"Connecting the world"
Type of projectAffordable access to Internet services
EstablishedAugust 20, 2013; 10 years ago (2013-08-20)

It has been criticized for violating net neutrality, and by handpicking internet services that are included, for discriminating against companies not in the list, including competitors of Meta Platforms' subsidiary Facebook. In February 2016, regulators banned the Free Basics service in India based on "Prohibition of Discriminatory Tariffs for Data Services Regulations". The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) accused Facebook of failing to pass on the four questions in the regulator's consultation paper and also blocking access to TRAI's designated email for feedback on Free Basics. On February 11, 2016, Facebook withdrew the Free Basics platform from India. In July 2017, Global Voices published the widespread report "Free Basics in Real Life" analyzing its practices in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and concluding it violates net neutrality, focuses on "Western corporate content", and overall "it's not even very helpful".

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