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Tendance du marché

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Market trends refer to the general movement of an investment market. In financial markets, trends are often identified and analyzed to make profitable investment decisions. Two common types of market trends are bull markets, characterized by rising prices and investor confidence, and bear markets, marked by falling prices and pessimistic sentiment. The terminology originated in the 18th century at the London Exchange Alley. Market trends can also be classified as secular, lasting between 5 to 25 years. Examples of these include the U.S. stock market from 1983 to 2000 (bull) and the gold market from 1980 to 1999 (bear). Understanding market cycle phases such as market tops and bottoms is crucial for identifying potential investment opportunities. The timing of market trends and reversals is guided by primary and secondary trends, with market sentiment playing a significant role. Market trends are primarily determined by supply and demand[1], and various strategies such as contrarian investing can be employed based on these trends.

Définitions des termes
1. demand.
1 "Demand" is a foundational concept in the field of economics that refers to the quantity of a specific good or service that consumers are willing and able to purchase at different price points within a given period. It is largely influenced by the price of the commodity, the cost of related goods, personal disposable income, individual tastes and preferences, and consumer expectations about future prices and availability. The relationship between demand and its influencing factors is visually represented by a demand curve on a graph. The concept also extends to different types of goods demand, including negative demand and latent demand, and how these can be managed strategically. The elasticity of demand, another crucial aspect, measures the sensitivity of demand to price changes. Lastly, the market structure can notably impact the demand faced by individual firms.
2 "Demand" is an economic term that refers to the amount of a product or service that consumers are willing and able to buy at a certain price. This concept is influenced by various factors such as the price of the commodity, the price of related goods, personal disposable income, tastes and preferences, and consumer expectations about future prices or income. Demand is often represented graphically through a demand curve which shows the relationship between price and quantity. The concept of price elasticity of demand measures the sensitivity of the quantity demanded to price changes. Market structures and types of goods also influence the shape of the demand curve and the nature of demand. Additionally, demand management strategies are used to control economic demand to avoid recession. Understanding demand is crucial for both businesses and policy makers as it plays a vital role in economic forecasting, pricing decisions, and planning production.
3 "Demand" is a foundational concept in the field of economics that refers to the quantity of a specific good or service that consumers are willing and able to purchase at different price points within a given period. It is largely influenced by the price of the commodity, the cost of related goods, personal disposable income, individual tastes and preferences, and consumer expectations about future prices and availability. The relationship between demand and its influencing factors is visually represented by a demand curve on a graph. The concept also extends to different types of goods demand, including negative demand and latent demand, and how these can be managed strategically. The elasticity of demand, another crucial aspect, measures the sensitivity of demand to price changes. Lastly, the market structure can notably impact the demand faced by individual firms.

A market trend is a perceived tendency of the financial markets to move in a particular direction over time. Analysts classify these trends as secular for long time-frames, primary for medium time-frames, and secondary for short time-frames. Traders attempt to identify market trends using technical analysis, a framework which characterizes market trends as predictable price tendencies within the market when price reaches support and resistance levels, varying over time.

A future market trend can only be determined in hindsight, since at any time prices in the future are not known. Past trends are identified by drawing lines, known as trendlines, that connect price action making higher highs and higher lows for an uptrend, or lower lows and lower highs for a downtrend.

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