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Alternative media

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Alternative media refers to various communication platforms that provide a different perspective from the mainstream. These include press, radio, online channels, street art, and more. It’s a crucial tool for expressing ideas that challenge dominant narratives and offer diverse viewpoints, especially for marginalized groups. This form of media allows audience participation in content creation[1] and often critiques mainstream news coverage. It’s essential in highlighting issues such as human rights and environmental concerns. Alternative media also plays a significant role in social movements, enabling them to communicate their viewpoints effectively when mainstream outlets might distort or ignore them. As such, it’s a cornerstone of democratic communication and contributes to public debate.

Terms definitions
1. content creation. Content creation refers to the process of generating and sharing information, ideas, or messages in various formats across diverse platforms. It involves individuals, organizations, or institutions like news outlets, universities, businesses, artists, writers, and governments. These entities use different methods such as creating articles, reports, academic papers, cultural works, and government data. The information is shared on platforms like social media, the internet, and digital platforms like Twitter, facilitating broad distribution and accessibility. Content creation aims at various goals including spreading information, marketing, artistic expression, and promoting government transparency. It's influenced by technology evolution, ethical issues, intellectual property laws, and social movements. Additionally, content creation has significant impacts on sectors like marketing, social protests, academic research, and public engagement.
Alternative media (Wikipedia)

Alternative media are media sources that differ from established or dominant types of media (such as mainstream media or mass media) in terms of their content, production, or distribution. Sometimes the term independent media is used as a synonym, indicating independence from large media corporations, but generally independent media is used to describe a different meaning around freedom of the press and independence from government control. Alternative media does not refer to a specific format and may be inclusive of print, audio, film/video, online/digital and street art, among others. Some examples include the counter-culture zines of the 1960s, ethnic and indigenous media such as the First People's television network in Canada (later rebranded Aboriginal Peoples Television Network), and more recently online open publishing journalism sites such as Indymedia.

In contrast to mainstream mass media, alternative media tend to be "non-commercial projects that advocate the interests of those excluded from the mainstream", for example, the poor, political and ethnic minorities, labor groups, and LGBT identities. These media disseminate marginalized viewpoints, such as those heard in the progressive news program Democracy Now!, and create communities of identity, as seen for example in the It Gets Better Project that was posted on YouTube in response to a rise in gay teen suicides at the time of its creation.

Alternative media challenge the dominant beliefs and values of a culture and have been described as "counter-hegemonic" by adherents of Antonio Gramsci's theory of cultural hegemony; however, since the definition of alternative media as merely counter to the mainstream is limiting, some approaches to the study of alternative media also address the question of how and where these media are created, as well as the dynamic relationship between the media and the participants that create and use them.

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