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California Consumer Privacy Act

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The California Consumer Privacy[3] Act (CCPA) is a law that aims to enhance the privacy[5] rights of consumers residing in California. The law’s primary goal is to inform consumers about the kind of personal data being collected about them and whether it’s being sold or disclosed and to whom. It also permits consumers to refuse the sale of their data, gain access to their data, and request their personal information to be deleted. The CCPA applies to businesses that collect consumer[6] data and lays out specific criteria and security[7] requirements that these businesses must meet. The law also includes special protections for minors and provides a framework for sanctions and legal remedies in the event of data breaches or non-compliance. The CCPA defines what constitutes personal data and lays down exceptions. Furthermore, it offers resources on related topics such as consumer protection[1], digital privacy[4], and information privacy[2].

Terms definitions
1. consumer protection. Consumer protection refers to the practice of safeguarding buyers from unfair and fraudulent business activities. It is embodied in laws and regulations established in many countries including, but not limited to, Australia, Brazil, Germany, India, Nigeria, Taiwan, the UK, and the US. These laws aim to ensure that consumers receive accurate information about products and services, and are not subjected to deceptive trade practices. Enforcement of consumer protection laws is carried out by specific agencies such as the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission. Consumer rights organizations also play an essential role in consumer protection by educating consumers and assisting in dispute resolution. International laws and trade regulations often influence consumer protection laws. Additionally, various mechanisms like cooling-off periods and consumer dispute forums help address consumer complaints promptly. Specific consumer protection measures, such as the FTC Cooling-Off Rule, address issues related to consumer contracts and understanding.
2. information privacy. Information privacy is a term that refers to the protection and preservation of personal data collected and stored by entities such as businesses and government organizations. It encompasses various domains, including sectors like cable TV, education, finance, internet, location-based services, and healthcare. Information privacy involves managing risks such as data tracking, unauthorized sharing, and potential exploitation. Various regulatory frameworks and data protection laws guide these sectors in maintaining data privacy. Technological solutions like encryption, anonymizers, and virtual private networks (VPNs) are used to enhance privacy. On a global scale, information privacy is shaped by international agreements, data protection differences among regions, and compliance requirements. Future trends in information privacy focus on transparency, user consent, and privacy-enhancing technologies.

The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) is a state statute intended to enhance privacy rights and consumer protection for residents of the state of California in the United States. The bill was passed by the California State Legislature and signed into law by the Governor of California, Jerry Brown, on June 28, 2018, to amend Part 4 of Division 3 of the California Civil Code. Officially called AB-375, the act was introduced by Ed Chau, member of the California State Assembly, and State Senator Robert Hertzberg.

California Consumer Privacy Act
California State Legislature
Full nameCalifornia Consumer Privacy Act of 2018
IntroducedJanuary 3, 2018
Signed into lawJune 28, 2018
GovernorJerry Brown
CodeCalifornia Civil Code
ResolutionAB-375 (2017–2018 Session)
WebsiteAssembly Bill No. 375
Status: Current legislation

Amendments to the CCPA, in the form of Senate Bill 1121, were passed on September 13, 2018. Additional substantive amendments were signed into law on October 11, 2019. The CCPA became effective on January 1, 2020. In November 2020, California voters passed Proposition 24, also known as the California Privacy Rights Act, which amends and expands the CCPA.

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