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Google Translate

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Google[2] Translate is a crucial tool developed by Google in 2006, used primarily to translate text, speech, and images. Over the years, it has grown from a statistical to a neural machine translation[1] service, with app versions for Android and iOS[4] launched in 2010 and 2011 respectively. The tool boasts various translation modes like website[3], document, speech transcription, and even bilingual conversation. It doesn’t stop at just translation; Google Translate also provides pronunciation assistance, dictionary definitions, and listening features. It can translate different forms of media and also synthesize speech from text in some languages. With its ‘Detect language’ feature, it can identify unknown languages. The tool also allows suggestions for alternative translations and corrections. The web interface generates shareable URLs for translations, making it highly user-friendly. Notably, Google Translate considers regional accents, offering variations for English, Spanish, Portuguese, French, and Bengali.

Terms definitions
1. translation. Translation is a critical linguistic practice that involves converting text or speech from one language to another while maintaining the original meaning, style, and intent. Originating from Latin, its theories have evolved across centuries from ancient metaphrase and paraphrase concepts to modern computer-assisted methods. It plays a vital role in global communication, cultural exchange, and knowledge preservation. The practice has unique traditions and challenges across Western, Near East, and Asian regions. It requires high proficiency in languages and subject matter expertise, akin to the skills of a musician or actor in their respective fields. The field of translation has seen significant historical developments, from ancient civilizations to modern automation efforts, underscoring the importance of translators in society.
2. Google ( Google ) Google is a globally recognized technology company, primarily known for its search engine. Founded in 1998 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, the company has grown vastly, diversifying into various tech-related sectors. Google provides a broad spectrum of products and services, including Gmail, Maps, Cloud, YouTube, and Android. It also produces hardware like Pixel smartphones and Chromebooks. The company, now a part of Alphabet Inc. since 2015, is renowned for its innovation and workplace culture, encouraging employees to work on personal projects. Despite facing various legal and ethical issues, Google continues to impact the tech industry with its innovations and technical advancements, such as the development of Android OS and the acquisition of AI-focused companies.
Google Translate (Wikipedia)

Google Translate is a multilingual neural machine translation service developed by Google to translate text, documents and websites from one language into another. It offers a website interface, a mobile app for Android and iOS, as well as an API that helps developers build browser extensions and software applications. As of 2022, Google Translate supports 133 languages at various levels; it claimed over 500 million total users as of April 2016, with more than 100 billion words translated daily, after the company stated in May 2013 that it served over 200 million people daily.

Google Translate
Google Translate website homepage
Type of site
Neural machine translation
Available in133 languages; see below
UsersOver 610 million people daily
LaunchedApril 28, 2006; 17 years ago (2006-04-28) (as statistical machine translation)
November 15, 2016; 7 years ago (2016-11-15) (as neural machine translation)
Current statusActive

Launched in April 2006 as a statistical machine translation service, it used United Nations and European Parliament documents and transcripts to gather linguistic data. Rather than translating languages directly, it first translates text to English and then pivots to the target language in most of the language combinations it posits in its grid, with a few exceptions including Catalan–Spanish. During a translation, it looks for patterns in millions of documents to help decide which words to choose and how to arrange them in the target language. Its accuracy, which has been criticized on several occasions, has been measured to vary greatly across languages. In November 2016, Google announced that Google Translate would switch to a neural machine translation engine – Google Neural Machine Translation (GNMT) – which translates "whole sentences at a time, rather than just piece by piece. It uses this broader context to help it figure out the most relevant translation, which it then rearranges and adjusts to be more like a human speaking with proper grammar".

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