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Group (online social networking)

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Online social networking groups are digital platforms where individuals connect and communicate, forming online communities. They began in the 1980s with Usenet[6] newsgroup posts, gaining momentum with the emergence of the World Wide Web[1] in the mid-1990s. Early platforms like MSN Groups, Yahoo![7] Groups, and eGroups combined mailing lists with user profiles, evolving into platforms like Facebook[2] and MySpace[4]. Some groups exist within virtual worlds, like Second Life, where they maintain specific geographic locations. These groups have transformed social circles, moving them from a focus on family and community to global interactions. However, they also face challenges, such as the spread of fake news[3], impacting the credibility of information shared within these groups. These platforms often parallel the evolution and dynamics of internet[5] forums, offering valuable insights into the development and history of online communities.

Terms definitions
1. World Wide Web ( World Wide Web ) The World Wide Web, often referred to as the Web, is a widespread information system platform that billions of people interact with daily. Invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), the Web was designed to support connections between multiple databases on different computers. Its function is to facilitate content sharing over the Internet in a user-friendly manner. This is achieved through web servers that make documents and media content available. Users can locate and access these resources through Uniform Resource Locators (URLs). The Web supports various content types and allows for easy navigation across websites via hyperlinks. Its use extends to various sectors including education, entertainment, commerce, and government, with information provided by companies, organizations, government agencies, and individual users.
2. Facebook ( Facebook ) Facebook, now known as Meta Platforms, is a major internet company that started as a social networking platform. Founded by Mark Zuckerberg in 2004, Facebook expanded rapidly from Harvard to other universities and later to the general public, becoming a global phenomenon. It is known for its user-friendly interface and various features such as Groups, the Developer Platform, and Facebook Dating. Despite facing criticism for issues like privacy breaches and the spread of fake news, Facebook has remained a dominant player in the online world. It has made significant strides in the field of technology, including the development of its unique data storage system, the use of PHP for its platform, and the launch of the Hack programming language. In recent years, the company has shifted its focus to the metaverse, a virtual reality space where users can interact with a computer-generated environment.

A group (often termed as a community, e-group or club) is a feature in many social networking services which allows users to create, post, comment to and read from their own interest- and niche-specific forums, often within the realm of virtual communities. Groups, which may allow for open or closed access, invitation and/or joining by other users outside the group, are formed to provide mini-networks within the larger, more diverse social network service. Much like electronic mailing lists, they are also owned and maintained by owners, moderators, or managers, who can edit posts to discussion threads and regulate member behavior within the group. However, unlike traditional Internet forums and mailing lists, groups in social networking services allow owners and moderators alike to share account credentials between groups without having to log in to every group.

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