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Issues relating to social networking services

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Social networking services refer to online platforms that facilitate the building of networks or relationships among people sharing interests, real-life connections, or activities. These platforms raise privacy[4] and security[5] concerns as they often involve data sharing with corporations and risks of data breaches. They also contribute to targeted advertising[1] through data mining and algorithms. Moreover, these services significantly impact mental health, with issues like addiction, anxiety, and depression associated with their excessive use. User engagement on these platforms is largely influenced by notifications, which affect user experience[2] and interactions. However, they are also criticized for the spread of misinformation and fake news[3], and the creation of filter bubbles that limit exposure to diverse viewpoints. Despite these concerns, social networking services continue to play a substantial role in modern communication and information dissemination.

Terms definitions
1. targeted advertising.
1 Targeted advertising is a marketing method that focuses on delivering promotional content to specific audiences. This strategy involves gathering and analyzing user data to tailor ads to individuals' interests, behaviors, and demographics. There are several types of targeted advertising, which include internet service providers tracking website visits, search engine marketing, and using platforms like Google's Search and Display Network.The technique also extends to social media, with platforms harnessing behavioral targeting and geotargeting. For instance, Facebook uses micro-targeting based on user data. Additionally, there are various targeted advertising techniques, such as content, contextual, technical, time, sociodemographic, and geographical targeting.Moreover, targeted advertising is prevalent in mobile and television sectors. Mobile ads utilize consumer location and time, while television ads focus on demographics and interests. Cable boxes and over-the-top video platforms also facilitate targeted advertising. All these methods aim to increase advertising efficiency and relevance.
2 "Targeted advertising" is a marketing strategy that involves gathering and analyzing user data to deliver personalized ads relevant to individual consumers. This strategy can be implemented across various channels such as search engines, social media, television, and mobile devices. Companies, internet service providers, and websites collect user data like preferences, behaviors, and demographics to make ads more relevant. Platforms like Google Ads allow advertisers to reach specific audiences, even retargeting specific website visitors. Social media platforms leverage user data for personalized advertising, allowing advertisers to target users based on interests, likes, demographics, and other factors. Television ads can target viewers based on age, gender, location, and interests, while mobile advertising uses location and time data to serve ads tailored to consumer schedules and environments.
2. user experience. User Experience (UX) is a broad term that encompasses every aspect of an end-user's interaction with a company, its services, or its products. This includes users' perceptions and responses, both emotional and cognitive, during and after the use of a system, product, or service. User Experience also involves users' beliefs, preferences, and behaviors. While usability, a component of UX, focuses on the practical aspects of a system, UX incorporates a holistic view of system use. User experience is a vital factor in increasing brand loyalty and customer base growth. Its history dates back to the Machine Age, with notable contributions from figures like Frederick Winslow Taylor, Henry Ford, and Donald Norman. Today, technology advancements continue to shape and expand the field.Developer Experience (DX) is the analog of UX for software developers. It represents the experience developers have with the tools, processes, and software they use in their work. A high-quality DX can significantly impact the overall user experience, thus contributing to the success of the product. The importance of DX is increasingly recognized in the field of software services, where ease of use can serve as a key market differentiator. This concept has been explored by various authors and researchers, and it's also emphasized in international standards like ISO 9241-210, which advocates for human-centered design.

The advent of social networking services has led to many issues spanning from misinformation and disinformation to privacy concerns related to public and private personal data.

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