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Messenger (software)

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Messenger, also known as Facebook[4] Messenger, is an American proprietary instant messaging[1] application developed by Meta Platforms[3]. Since its initial release on August 9, 2011, it has been continually updated for various operating systems, including Android, iOS[5], Windows, and macOS. The app offers a wide range of features for users, making it a widely used platform for instant messaging. It provides seamless communication services and diverse functionalities, integrating well with the Facebook platform[2]. Messenger is a significant component of the Meta Platforms ecosystem, and it continues to evolve through regular updates and the addition of new features. Its development journey has also been marked by notable legal cases, including Young v. Facebook, Inc., Fraley v. Facebook, Inc., and Force v. Facebook, Inc.

Terms definitions
1. instant messaging. Instant Messaging (IM) is a digital communication method that enables real-time transmission of text-based messages over internet or computer networks. Unlike email, IM facilitates immediate, interactive conversation, often enhanced with emojis, file transfers, voice-over IP, and video chat. IM systems can function independently or as part of a larger social media platform. They have evolved significantly since early systems like Talkomatic and CompuServe CB Simulator, developing into graphical user interfaces with a wide range of features. Today's popular services, including Signal, Telegram, WhatsApp, and Snapchat, offer private and group messaging, advanced security measures such as end-to-end encryption, and integration with social networks. They play a vital role in both personal communication and business environments, facilitating effective real-time communication with conversation records for future reference.
2. Facebook Platform ( Facebook platform ) The Facebook Platform is a comprehensive suite of services and tools provided by Facebook for third-party developers to create their own applications and services that operate within the Facebook social networking environment. Introduced on May 24, 2007, the platform includes the Graph API, enabling data interaction, and Authentication features that allow secure sign-ins across applications. Social Plugins and the Open Graph Protocol are also key components that enhance user experience and integration. Despite concerns over privacy and data sharing, the Facebook Platform remains integral to the company's ecosystem. It has also significantly impacted the social networking landscape, with thousands of applications developed since its inception. The Platform's evolution reflects Facebook's technological advancements, such as transitioning from Facebook Markup Language (FBML) to HTML5-based tools.

Messenger, also known as Facebook Messenger, is an American proprietary instant messaging app and platform developed by Meta Platforms. Originally developed as Facebook Chat in 2008, the company revamped its messaging service in 2010, released standalone iOS and Android apps in 2011, and released standalone Facebook Portal hardware for Messenger calling in 2018. In April 2015, Facebook launched a dedicated website interface,, and separated the messaging functionality from the main Facebook app, allowing users to use the web interface or download one of the standalone apps. In April 2020, Facebook released a Messenger desktop app for Windows and macOS.

Developer(s)Meta Platforms
Initial releaseAugust 9, 2011; 12 years ago (2011-08-09)
April 2020; 4 years ago (2020-04)
Stable release(s) [±]
Android431. Edit this on Wikidata / October 24, 2023; 5 months ago (October 24, 2023)
iOS390.0 Edit this on Wikidata / December 14, 2022; 15 months ago (December 14, 2022)
Windows1180.4.112.0 Edit this on Wikidata / August 18, 2021; 2 years ago (August 18, 2021)
macOS169.0 Edit this on Wikidata / November 17, 2022; 16 months ago (November 17, 2022)
Preview release(s) [±]
Android (Beta)437. Edit this on Wikidata / December 5, 2023; 4 months ago (December 5, 2023)
Android (Alpha)438. Edit this on Wikidata / December 3, 2023; 4 months ago (December 3, 2023)
Operating systemWeb, Android, iOS, Windows 10, Windows 11, Windows Phone, macOS, WatchOS, Wear OS
Size53.33 MB (Android)
124.1 MB (iOS)
169.4 MB (Windows 10 and Windows 11)
91.3 MB (macOS)
Available in111 languages
List of languages
Afrikaans, Albanian, Amharic, Arabic, Armenian, Assamese, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnian, Breton, Bulgarian, Burmese, Catalan, Cebuano, Corsican, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, Dutch (België), English (UK), English (US), English (upside down), Esperanto, Estonian, Faroese, Filipino, Finnish, French (Canada), French (France), Frisian, Fula, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Guarani, Gujarati, Haitian Creole, Hausa, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Japanese (Kansai), Javanese, Kannada, Kazakh, Khmer, Kinyarwanda, Korean, Kurdish (Kurmanji), Kyrgyz, Lao, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malagasy, Malay, Malayalam, Maltese, Marathi, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian (bokmal), Norwegian (nynorsk), Oriya, Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese (Brazil), Portuguese (Portugal), Punjabi, Romanian, Russian, Sardinian, Serbian, Shona, Silesian, Simplified Chinese (China), Sinhala, Slovak, Slovenian, Somali, Sorani Kurdish, Spanish, Spanish (Spain), Swahili, Swedish, Syriac, Tajik, Tamazight, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Thai, Traditional Chinese (Hong Kong), Traditional Chinese (Taiwan), Turkish, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbek, Vietnamese, Welsh and Zaza
TypeInstant messaging, VoIP
LicenseFreeware, proprietary

Messenger is used to send messages and exchange photos, videos, stickers, audio, and files, and also react to other users' messages and interact with bots. The service also supports voice and video calling. The standalone apps support using multiple accounts, conversations with optional end-to-end encryption, and playing games.

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