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Troll (slang)

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A troll, in the context of internet[1] slang, is a term with varying interpretations. It generally refers to individuals who engage in disruptive behaviors online such as harassment, off-topic chatter, spreading misinformation, hate speech, or political activism[2]. The image of the Trollface is often used as a symbol of this behavior in cyberspace. Trolling dates back to early Scandinavian folklore and military contexts, and it is viewed differently across cultures. Dealing with trolls can be complex, with strategies ranging from ignoring them to direct engagement depending on individual preferences and context. Media and psychological studies reveal that trolls may not actually believe in the controversial views they express, and some may exhibit traits such as sadism. The concept of trolling has evolved over time, from early instances similar to flaming to a broader definition today. It can be categorized into different types like playtime, tactical, strategic, and domination trolling.

Terms definitions
1. internet. The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use standardized communication protocols, primarily the TCP/IP, to link devices worldwide. Originating from the term 'internetted' used in 1849, the term 'Internet' was later used by the US War Department in 1945. Its development began with computer scientists creating time-sharing systems in the 1960s and further progressed with the establishment of ARPANET in 1969. The Internet is self-governed, without a central authority, and its principal name spaces are administered by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). It has significantly transformed traditional communication media and has grown exponentially over the years, with internet users increasing 20% to 50% annually. In 2019, over half of the world population used the Internet. The Internet protocol suite, which includes TCP/IP and four conceptual layers, guides internet packets to their destinations. Essential services like email and Internet telephony operate on the Internet. The World Wide Web, a global collection of interconnected documents, is a key component of the Internet.
2. activism. Activism is a broad term that refers to the action of using vigorous campaigning to bring about political or social change. It can be categorized into several types, such as human rights, environmental, animal rights, and conservative activism. Each type has its own specific focus but they all share a common goal of effecting change. Activists use various methods to achieve their goals, including nonviolent tactics, political campaigning, internet activism, and economic activism. Additionally, there are specific forms of activism such as consumer, art, science, and shareholder activism. The impact and influence of activism are wide-ranging, from shaping social, political, and economic landscapes to influencing public discourse and corporate practices.
Troll (slang) (Wikipedia)

In slang, a troll is a person who posts deliberately offensive or provocative messages online (such as in social media, a newsgroup, a forum, a chat room, an online video game) or who performs similar behaviors in real life. The methods and motivations of trolls can range from benign to sadistic. These messages can be inflammatory, insincere, digressive, extraneous, or off-topic, and may have the intent of provoking others into displaying emotional responses, or manipulating others' perception, thus acting as a bully or a provocateur. The behavior is typically for the troll's amusement, or to achieve a specific result such as disrupting a rival's online activities or purposefully causing confusion or harm to other people. Trolling behaviors involve tactical aggression to incite emotional responses, which can adversely affect the target's well-being.

A revision of a Wikipedia article shows a troll vandalizing an article on Wikipedia by replacing content with an insult.

In this context, both the noun and the verb forms of "troll" are frequently associated with Internet discourse. Media attention in recent years has equated trolling with online harassment. The Courier-Mail and The Today Show have used "troll" to mean "a person who defaces Internet tribute sites with the aim of causing grief to families". In addition, depictions of trolling have been included in popular fictional works, such as the HBO television program The Newsroom, in which a main character encounters harassing persons online and tries to infiltrate their circles by posting negative sexual comments.

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