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A fashion influencer is an individual who leverages their redes sociais[2] presence to impact fashion trends and purchasing behavior. They emerged in the early 2000s with online fashion blogs and have since evolved into powerful marketing tools on platforms like Instagram[3], Twitter[5], TikTok[6], Facebook[4]e YouTube[7]. Fashion influencers generate income through brand[8] collaborations, affiliate links, and their value is determined by follower count, demographics, engagement rates, and brand alignment. They play a significant role for fashion brands in marketing, enhancing brand awareness[1], and driving sales[9]. However, they have faced criticism and regulatory actions due to transparency issues in disclosing sponsored content. Despite challenges, they remain a vital part of the fashion industry.

Definições de termos
1. brand awareness. Brand awareness is a fundamental concept in marketing that refers to the level of familiarity consumers have with a particular brand. It plays a significant role in their purchasing decisions, affecting the sustainability and growth of a business. Brand awareness is divided into two types: brand recall, the ability of consumers to remember a brand from memory when prompted with a product category, and brand recognition, where consumers confirm their previous exposure to a brand. It is typically measured using surveys, recall tests, and other metrics such as brand association and salience. Advertising is a crucial tool in building brand awareness and converting consumer interest into sales. Notably, strong brand awareness can enhance brand equity, which is the cumulative value derived from a brand's name and logo, including factors like brand loyalty and perceived quality.
2. redes sociais. Os meios de comunicação social são um termo abrangente que engloba uma variedade de ferramentas e plataformas digitais que facilitam a partilha de informações e a criação de comunidades virtuais. Surgindo dos primeiros sistemas, como o PLATO e a ARPANET, evoluíram para plataformas modernas como o Facebook e o Twitter. Estas plataformas oferecem características únicas que as diferenciam dos meios de comunicação tradicionais, incluindo a possibilidade de os utilizadores gerarem conteúdos e participarem em comunicações dialógicas. Atendem a mais de 100 milhões de utilizadores em todo o mundo e oferecem diferentes formas de serviços, como aplicações de mensagens e plataformas de criação de conteúdos em colaboração. A utilização das redes sociais tem impactos de grande alcance nos indivíduos, na sociedade e nas empresas, influenciando tudo, desde as práticas de marketing aos processos políticos. No entanto, está também associada a preocupações éticas, como a disseminação de desinformação e a potencial dependência.

A fashion influencer is a personality that has a large number of followers on redes sociais, creates mainly fashion content and has the power to influence the opinion and purchase behavior of others with their recommendations. Brands endorse them to attend fashion shows, parties, designer dinners and exclusive trips and to wear their clothes on social media. If a salary has been involved, the influencer may be required to label such posts as paid or sponsored content. Before social media "they would have been called 'It girls'".

Italian blogger Chiara Ferragni was named Top Fashion Influencer by American magazine Forbes in 2017

Business magazine Forbes identified fashion influencers as "the new celebrity endorsements". However, influencers seem to have a closer relationship with their audience than traditional celebrities. As marketers Jung von Matt, Brandnew IO and Facelift point out: "Daily interactions across multiple channels, through photos, stories or live sessions, create a form of closeness and trust" that make influencers "often more tangible than traditional celebrities".

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